Top 5 Tools for network security monitoring

Security data can be found on virtually all systems in a corporate network. However, all systems do not provide equally valuable security context. While monitoring everything would be ideal, this is impractical for most organizations due to resource constraints. So what data sources should you prioritize to make the most of your monitoring efforts?

When it comes to security monitoring, context is the key. The more relevant security context you have, the more likely it is you will successfully detect real security incidents while weeding out false positives (e.g. non-threats). In determining which devices and systems to monitor for security data, the first priority is to give yourself as much useful context as possible.

Based on a decade of monitoring experience, SecureWorks believes the top five sources of security context are:

Number One: Network-based Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems (NIDS/NIPS)

NIDS and NIPS devices use signatures to detect security events on your network. Performing full packet inspection of network traffic at the perimeter or across key network segments, most NIDS/NIPS devices provide detailed alerts that help to detect:

  • Known vulnerability exploit attempts
  • Known Trojan activity
  • Anomalous behavior (depending on the IDS/IPS)
  • Port and Host scans

Number Two: Firewalls

Serving as the network’s gatekeeper, firewalls allow and log incoming and outgoing network connections based on your policies. Some firewalls also have basic NIDS/NIPS signatures to detect security events. Monitoring firewall logs and alerts helps to detect:

  • New and unknown threats, such as custom Trojan activity
  • Port and Host scans
  • Worm outbreaks
  • Minor anomalous behavior
  • Most any activity denied by firewall policy

Number Three: Host-based Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems (HIDS/HIPS)

Like NIDS/NIPS, host-based intrusion detection and prevention systems utilize signatures to detect security events. But instead of inspecting network traffic, HIDS/HIPS agents are installed on servers to directly alert on security activity. Monitoring HIDS/HIPS alerts helps to detect:

  • Known vulnerability exploit attempts
  • Console exploit attempts
  • Exploit attempts performed over encrypted channels
  • Password grinding (manual or automated attempts to guess passwords)
  • Anomalous behavior by users or applications

Number Four: Network Devices with Access Control Lists (ACLs)

Network devices that can use ACLs, such as routers and VPN servers, have the ability to control network traffic based on permitted networks and hosts. Monitoring logs from devices with ACLs helps to detect:

  • New and unknown threats, such as custom Trojan activity
  • Port and Host scans
  • Minor anomalous behavior
  • Most anything denied by the ACL’s

Number Five: Server and Application Logs

Many types of servers and applications log events such as login attempts and user activity. Depending on the extent of logging capabilities, monitoring server and application logs can help to detect:

  • Known and unknown exploit attempts
  • Password Grinding
  • Anomalous behavior by users or applications

It is important to understand that the incremental value of a data source will vary from situation to situation. A source’s purpose, its location in your network and the quality of the data it provides are a few of the many variables that must be considered when planning your security monitoring strategy.

Keep in mind that there are many other security technologies, network devices and log sources throughout your IT environment that may also provide beneficial context to your security monitoring efforts. For example, Unified Threat Management (UTM) devices which combine firewall, NIDS/NIPS and other capabilities onto a single device can be monitored to detect similar events as standalone firewalls and NIDS/NIPS devices.

By monitoring the assets that provide the highest value security context, you can optimize security monitoring efforts. Doing so will provide faster, more accurate detection of threats while making the most of your security resources. For additional information on monitoring security events and other security topics, please visit theSecureWorks website.

 

Featured Gartner Research:

What Organizations are Spending on IT Security

According to research and advisory firm Gartner Inc., “Many CIOs and chief information security officers (CISOs) are uncertain about what is a ‘normal’ level of security spending in terms of a percentage of the overall IT budget – especially during economic uncertainty.” This research note will help IT managers understand how organizations are investing in their information security and compare their spending with that of their peers.

View the complimentary Gartner report made available to you by SecureWorks.

 

Security 101: Web Application Firewalls

What is a Web Application Firewall?
A web application firewall (WAF) is a tool designed to protect externally-facing web applications used for online banking, Internet retail sales, discussion boards and many other functions from application layer attacks such as cross-site scripting (XSS), cross-site request forgery (XSRF) and SQL injection. Because web application attacks exploit flaws in application logic that is often developed internally, each attack is unique to its target application. This makes it difficult to detect and prevent application layer attacks using existing defenses such as network firewalls and NIDS/NIPS.

How do WAFs Work?
WAFs utilize a set of rules or policies to control communications to and from a web application. These rules are designed to block common application layer attacks. Architecturally, a WAF is deployed in front of an application to intercept communications and enforce policies before they reach the application.

What are the Risks of Deploying a WAF?

Depending on the importance of the web application to your business, the risk of experiencing false positives that interrupt legitimate communications can be a concern. To provide sound protection with minimal false positives, WAF rules and policies must be tailored to the application(s) the WAF is defending. In many cases, this requires significant up-front customization based on in-depth knowledge of the application in question. This effort must also be maintained to address modifications to the application over time.

What are the Benefits of Deploying a WAF?

A WAF can be beneficial in terms of both security and compliance. Applications are a prime target for today’s hackers. Also, the Payment Card Industry (PCI) Data Security Standard requires companies who process, store or transmit payment card data to protect their externally-facing web applications from known attacks (Requirement 6.6). If managed properly and used in conjunction with regular application code reviews, vulnerability testing and remediation, WAFs can be a solid option for protecting against web application attacks and satisfying related compliance requirements.

 

Reference: http://www.secureworks.com/resources/newsletter/2008-07/

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